The threat of climate change on six African heritage sites
Africans have been leaving their mark on the continent for millennia, from the rock arts in the southern parts of Africa to the pyramids along the Nile.Unfortunately, extreme weather events like the rise in sea levels and other effects brought by climate change are destroying significantly valuable landmarks, as warned by a recent study.
Picture of Suakin in the 1930's
Lamu Old Town, Kenya
Lamu is a 700 year old Fishing Town in Africa
Coastal sites, Comoros Island
The medina of Mutsamudu is a 14th Century maritime town on the island of Anjouan
"Significant parts of the African coastal zone will be inundated by 2100", that is what is predicted by a study done for a plausible scenario of moderate-to-high global carbon emissions. " By 2050, Guinea, The Gambia, Nigeria, Togo, Benin, Congo, Tunisia, Tanzania and the comoros will all be at significant threat of coastal erosion and sea level rise."
Coastal forts and castles, Ghana
Sites on the West African coast are vulnerable to storm surges and sea-level rise
Rock art at Twyfelfontein, Namibia
Mali contains some of the most iconic images of the world with its 2,000 or so mud houses of Djenné. Inhabited since 250 BC, Djenné was a market town and an important connection to trans-Saharan gold trade. It was one of the centres for the propagation of Islam across West Africa in the 15th and 16th Centuries.
Residents have to rely on cheaper materials to repair their houses, changing the town's original appearance
Prof Clarke says that "climate change has the ability to be a threat multiplier. It has indirect impacts which are arguably more serious than the direct impact".
'Unbelievably wonderful sites'
A man sits next to 5,000-year-old elaborate rock paintings depicting hunters and animals in Somalia, which has no UN-listed heritage site